رنگبری رنگزاهای آنیونی از محلول¬های آبی با استفاده از نانوذرات مغناطیسی پوشش¬داده شده با نشاسته عامل¬دارشده با دی¬تیوکاربامات





کد مقاله:
JCST-09-05-2017-1725

مولفین:
شهلا مظفری: دانشگاه پیام نور - گروه شیمی
فضه آریانسب: پژوهشگاه استاندارد - شیمی و پلیمر
سیده فرناز هادی: دانشگاه پیام نور - گروه شیمی


چکیده مقاله:

پلی ساکاریدهای طبیعی مواد دوستدار محیط زیست هستند که برای جداسازی آلاینده ها از محلول های آبی استفاده می شوند و بسیار مورد توجه قرار گرفته اند. در این میان، نشاسته ماده اولیه طبیعی فراوان، ارزان، تجدیدپذیر و کاملا زیست تخریب پذیر است که به دلیل ظرفیت جذب پایین و پایداری کم، کاربرد آن در جداسازی رنگزاها محدود است. برای غلبه بر این مشکلات، نشاسته های اصلاح شده سنتز شده و به عنوان جاذب برای جذب رنگزاهای آنیونی استفاده شده اند. در این تحقیق نشان داده شده که نانوذرات مغناطیسی اکسید آهن پوشیده شده با نشاسته عامل دار شده با دی تیوکاربامات DTCS-MNPs می تواند به عنوان جاذبی موثر برای جداسازی رنگزاهای آنیونی از محلول های آبی استفاده شود. همچنین نشان داده شده است که ظرفیت جذب DTCS-MNPs برای رنگزاهای مورد بررسی به pH محلول وابسته است و جذب به صورت الکترواستاتیکی است. نتایج مطالعات واجذب نشان داده است که درصد واجذب رنگزاها از جاذب در محلول mol¬L-1 25/0 Na2SO3 و در دمای ◦C 25 به میزان 80 است.


Article's English abstract:

Natural polysaccharides are environmentally friendly materials for removing toxic pollutants from aqueous solutions, and attracted much attention. Among numerous polysaccharides, starch is an abundant, inexpensive, renewable and fully biodegradable natural raw material. However, its application in dyes removal is limited due to its low capacity and stability. To circumvent these problems, modified starches has been synthesized and applied as adsorbent for anionic dyes. We showed that the Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles coated with dithiocarbamate-modified starch DTCS-MNPs is an efficient adsorbent for the removal of water-soluble anionic dyes from wastewaters. It is found that the capacity of DTCS-MNPs for each dye is pH dependent, and the adsorption is governed by electrostatic attractions. The desorption data shows that the removal percent of dye from the dye loaded DTCS-MNP is over 80 in 0,25 mol¬L-1 Na2SO4 solutions at 25 ◦C.


کلید واژگان:
نانوذرات مغناطیسی، نشاسته عامل¬دار شده با دی¬تیوکاربامات، جذب سطحی رنگزا، پساب¬ها.

English Keywords:
Magnetic nanopaticles, Dithiocarbamate-modified starch, Dye adsorption, Wastewaters.

منابع:

English References:
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صاحب امتياز:
موسسه پژوهشي
علوم و فناوري رنگ و پوشش
مدير مسوول:
پروفسور زهرا رنجبر
سردبير:
پروفسور زهرا رنجبر
مدير اجرايي:
دکتر فرهاد عامري
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8779 - 1735
شاپا الکترونيکي:
2169 - 2383
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